Machines are adopting the path to becoming more imaginative, but artificial intelligence has some areas. Almost every industry and every individual will be impacted by artificial intelligence in the coming years.
As a significant driver behind emerging technologies such as big data, robotics, and the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence has and will continue to play a vital role in the ongoing evolution of technology. Several of the most reputed technology companies worldwide highlight these three areas of their portfolio.
AI can surpass various narrow tasks, including playing chess. However, it owes to contribute to the broader ones also. One of the simplest ways to illustrate can compare this with an example of a seven-year-old child who has more comprehensive intelligence than any current artificial intelligence system.
Edward Grefenstette, a research scientist at Meta AI, formerly Facebook AI Research, told CNBC that AI algorithms correctly handle individual tasks or those with a minor degree of variability. The fact remains that in reality, change is an inevitable part of life, even if it becomes challenging to apprehend it within our training algorithms that produce fragile intelligence.
Researchers in the field of AI has come up with convenient means of letting AI be adapted to the dynamic environment that would result in more vigorous agents. He opines there would be more noticeable leaps in the scientific and industrial applications that will take place in the current year.
Is AI going to replace humans in 2022?
Though AI still has some pace to compete with human-level intelligence, it has not halted the like of various other platforms, including Google, Facebook (Meta), and Amazon, as they invest billions of dollars into the hiring process of skilled AI researchers. Similar things are happening behind the scenes with search engines, including voice assistants and many other features that make up the so-called metaverse.
Beth Singler, an Anthropologist studying at the University of Cambridge, reported to CNBC that the metaverse would have more recognition in 2022 as people will have more to invest in it, enhancing the efficacy and certainty of AI. Additionally, he suggested that there might be less discussion among people in 2022 about the emergence of metaverses regarding the recognition of the identities and rights of people.
The current Chairman of Robust AI and former scientist who sold an AI start-up to Uber, Gary Marcus, told CNBC that the vital moment the world would visualize barely in 2022 would be that of AI.
It might take years from being discovered in the lab to being practical, where the path to deep learning is still to be tackled. Deep learning is the area of AI. It works at the pattern followed by neurons in the brain and helps recognize the various designs in data.
Marcus adds that the challenge of the AI industry now is to merge deep knowledge with technologies and skills from science and technology. It demands to learn each thing from scratch. He predicted it would transform into systems called hybrid. However, it would take another few years before the significant dividends are seen. Two things can be seen and will be planned for in the upcoming years: the diverse first medicine in the current year and the following year.
Subsequent Phases of DeepMind
AI has progressed with various breakthroughs in the last couple of years. Among them is a research lab owned by Alphabet with headquarter in London. The company has succeeded in making AI software. It efficiently forecasts the structure that proteins will fold into for several days. It assists in cracking a majestic task which is 50-year-old. In other words, it would empower us to undermine the challenges faced in understanding drug discovery and disease by overcoming them.
A professor of machine learning at the University of Cambridge, Neil Lawrence, told CNBC that DeepMind would mark big science questions in 2022. According to some sources, models that depend on writing convincing texts that can interact successfully with humans and respond to queries will also be countered in 2022.
The biggest challenge for this field is the complexity of human language
It is expected that the AI systems of the year 2022 will be able to generate text that is both convincing and interactive with humans when it comes to programming techniques for the generation of human language.
Catherine Breslin, a machine learning scientist and former Amazon Alexa employee, believes that large language models will be a significant focus for Big Tech in the coming year.
According to Breslin, who now runs Kingfisher Labs, an artificial intelligence consulting and research firm, there will also be a move toward models that combine vision, speech, and language capabilities to make them more helpful rather than treat them separately.
Nathan Benaich, co-author of the State of A.I. report and a venture capitalist with Air Street Capital, told CNBC a new breed of companies would likely use language models to predict the most effective RNA sequences–the foundational building blocks that make up the proteins essential to our bodies and brains.
He said that the use of RNA vaccines has allowed people to escape lockdowns caused by deadly epidemics. This is due to the innovative nature of these vaccines. “I believe that this year will see a new crop of RNA-based companies that will use artificial intelligence as their main platform. These companies can drastically shorten the time it takes to discover new drugs and vaccines through the use of language models and predictive algorithms to predict the most effective RNA sequences to target a particular disease.”
As AI systems get more advanced, they could yield some truly extraordinary results. But there are still significant concerns about the ethics of AI, especially systems that have been trained on specific datasets. As well as that, it appears to be used to push the development of autonomous weapons and create fake pornography with the help of artificial intelligence.
Verena Rieser, a professor at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh who studies conversational AI, told CNBC that ethical questions concerning artificial intelligence would be more pertinent in 2022.
“I don’t know whether we’ll be able to do anything ‘new’ by the end of 2022, but hopefully it will be able to do things better,” said Rieser, adding that a more inclusive, fair, and effective AI system is a much better one.
Samim Winiger, an independent AI researcher who has worked for several big tech companies in the past, believes there will be revelations about the uses of machine learning technologies in financial markets, spying, as well as health care.
He told CNBC that the development would raise important questions regarding privacy, legality, ethics, and economics.